Noninfectious leukocytosis reported in patients
with R/R AML
All grades N=214 (%)
≥Grade 3 N=214 (%)
Frequency of NONINFECTIOUS LEUKOCYTOSIS over time1
IDHIFA® wallet cards, printable cards for patients and caregivers
to show to their non-regular healthcare providers. These printable resources also
include information about differentiation syndrome and other ARs associated
For noninfectious leukocytosis (white blood cell [WBC] count is greater than 30x109/L)
Initiate treatment with hydroxyurea, as per standard institutional practices
Interrupt IDHIFA® if leukocytosis is not improved with hydroxyurea, and then resume IDHIFA® at 100
mg daily when WBC is less than 30x109/L
Download our IDHIFA® wallet
cards, printable cards for patients and caregivers to show to their non-regular healthcare providers. These printable resources also include information about differentiation syndrome and other ARs associated with
IDHIFA® (enasidenib) is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 (IDH2) mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test.
Patients treated with IDHIFA have experienced symptoms of differentiation syndrome, which can be fatal if not treated. Symptoms may include fever, dyspnea, acute respiratory distress, pulmonary infiltrates, pleural or pericardial effusions, rapid weight gain or peripheral edema, lymphadenopathy, bone pain, and hepatic, renal, or multi-organ dysfunction. If differentiation syndrome is suspected, initiate corticosteroid therapy and hemodynamic monitoring until symptom resolution.
Differentiation Syndrome: See Boxed WARNING. In the clinical trial, 14% of patients treated with IDHIFA experienced differentiation syndrome, which may be life-threatening or fatal if not treated. Differentiation syndrome has been observed with and without concomitant hyperleukocytosis, in as early as 1 day and up to 5 months after IDHIFA initiation. Symptoms in patients treated with IDHIFA included acute respiratory distress represented by dyspnea and/or hypoxia and need for supplemental oxygen; pulmonary infiltrates and pleural effusion; renal impairment; fever; lymphadenopathy; bone pain; peripheral edema with rapid weight gain; and pericardial effusion. Hepatic, renal, and multi-organ dysfunction have also been observed. If differentiation syndrome is suspected, initiate systemic corticosteroids and hemodynamic monitoring until improvement. Taper corticosteroids only after resolution of symptoms. Differentiation syndrome symptoms may recur with premature discontinuation of corticosteroids. If severe pulmonary symptoms requiring intubation or ventilator support and/or renal dysfunction persist for more than 48 hours after initiation of corticosteroids, interrupt IDHIFA until signs and symptoms are no longer severe. Hospitalization for close observation and monitoring of patients with pulmonary and/or renal manifestation is recommended.
Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Based on animal embryo-fetal toxicity studies, IDHIFA can cause embryo-fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise females of reproductive potential and males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with IDHIFA and for at least 2 months after the last dose. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus.
The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) included total bilirubin increased (81%), calcium decreased (74%), nausea (50%), diarrhea (43%), potassium decreased (41%), vomiting (34%), decreased appetite (34%), and phosphorus decreased (27%)
The most frequently reported ≥Grade 3 adverse reactions (≥5%) included total bilirubin increased (15%), potassium decreased (15%), phosphorus decreased (8%), calcium decreased (8%), diarrhea (8%), differentiation syndrome (7%), non-infectious leukocytosis (6%), tumor lysis syndrome (6%), and nausea (5%)
Serious adverse reactions were reported in 77.1% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions (≥2%) were leukocytosis (10%), diarrhea (6%), nausea (5%), vomiting (3%), decreased appetite (3%), tumor lysis syndrome (5%), and differentiation syndrome (8%). Differentiation syndrome events characterized as serious included pyrexia, renal failure acute, hypoxia, respiratory failure, and multi-organ failure
Coadministration of IDHIFA increases the exposure of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, BCRP, and P‑glycoprotein (P‑gp) substrates, which may increase the incidence and severity of adverse reactions of these substrates. If coadministered, decrease the dosage of the substrate as recommended in the respective prescribing information and as clinically indicated.
Because of the potential for adverse reactions in the breastfed child, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with IDHIFA and for at least 2 months after the last dose.
Data on file, Celgene Corporation. Summit, New Jersey.
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